Work Package 1, New Report: Space and End-user Requirements, Past and Future
This report provides an overview of end-user and space related requirements in the participating countries to the Wood2New project, Austria, Finland, Norway, Sweden and UK, with regard to the use of wood and wood-based materials in interiors. This report forms the milestone User Requirements, and is an output of Work Package 1 of this Wood2New project, Task 1.1 Space and end-user requirements, past and future.
The task aimed at understanding the traditional and future trends, the limitations and the requirements of wood use in interiors, and gathering a base of information in order to identify challenges, regional commonalities and a framework for further research focus. This report gives an overview of the situation in each country and enables to identify similarities and differences in order to provide recommendations for supporting the development of wood use in interiors. For each country, the following sections have been addressed: cultural preferences and heritage, requirements and limitations, present and future trends in wood use and innovations.
The variety of geographical, historical and cultural contexts within the participating countries has revealed different traditions in the use of wood in construction. While being a prominent material in the built environment in some countries, it is still considered, in some cases, difficult to manage in others. Despite a number of differences related to these various backgrounds, some commonalities in the participating countries still emerge from the analysis. The advent of new building technologies in the 20th century have led to the decrease of timber use in buildings. However, a regain of interest in using wood was noted in the last few decades, both for environmental and aesthetical reasons. However, the type of products employed has evolved, essentially for economic reasons, as the industry of reconstituted wood was developed and enabled a wide-scale commercialisation of cheaper wooden products. The customer now also has high demands regarding environmental credentials of materials, and various labels are increasingly required, to guarantee transparency in forest management. Additionally, there seems to be a general concern about maintenance and surface cleaning of wood, which will need to be considered in further development of wood based solutions.
Based on these findings, recommendations were established to support the growth of wood in interiors addressing education, political will, practical solutions, health and wellbeing, ecolabelling, regional hot spots, responsible sourcing, campaigns, research.
The outcome Task 1.1 is this report, a comprehensive overview that combined with the report T1.2 on Building Regulations serves as a basis for work conducted in Work Packages 2-6.
Space and End-user Requirements, Past and Future
Macé E, Taylor S, Vivien T, Suttie E (BRE) and contributions from Aalto University, BRE, Holzforschung Austria, LiU, and TreTeknisk